It was one of the deadliest conflicts in history and precipitated major political changes, including the Revolutions of —in many of the nations involved. Unresolved rivalries at the end of the conflict contributed to the start of the Second World War about twenty years later. The Triple Alliance was primarily defensive in nature, allowing Italy to stay out of the war inwhile many of the terms of both agreements were informal and contradicted by others; for example, Italy renewed the Triple Alliance in but secretly agreed with France to remain neutral if it was attacked by Germany. Between andthe Balkans had been destabilised by the combination of a weakened Ottoman Empire, the — Balkan Wars and competing Russian and Austro-Hungarian objectives.
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Technology and the weapons of war by A. Life on the Western Front One of the saddest facts about World War I is that millions died needlessly because military and civilian leaders were slow to adapt their old-fashioned strategies and tactics to the new weapons of New technology made war more horrible and more complex than ever before.
The United States and other countries felt the effects of the war for years afterwards. The popular image of World War I is soldiers in muddy trenches and dugouts, living miserably until the next attack.
This is basically correct. Technological developments in engineering, metallurgy, chemistry, and optics had produced weapons deadlier than anything known before. The power of defensive weapons made winning the war on the western front all but impossible for either side.
They had to cut through belts of barbed wire before they could use rifles, bayonets, pistols, and hand grenades to capture enemy positions.
A victory usually meant they had seized only a few hundred yards of shell-torn earth at a terrible cost in lives. Wounded men often lay helpless in the open until they died. Those lucky enough to be rescued still faced horrible sanitary conditions before they could be taken to proper medical facilities.
Between attacks,the snipers, artillery, and poison gas caused misery and death. Airplanesproducts of the new technology, were primarily made of canvas, wood, and wire. At first they were used only to observe enemy troops.
As their effectiveness became apparent, both sides shot planes down with artillery from the ground and with rifles, pistols, and machine guns from other planes. The Allies soon armed their airplanes the same way, and war in the air became a deadly business.
These light, highly maneuverable fighter planes attacked each other in wild air battles called dogfights. Pilots who were shot down often remained trapped in their falling, burning planes, for they had no parachutes. Airmen at the front did not often live long. Germany also used its fleet of huge dirigibles, or zeppelins, and large bomber planes to drop bombs on British and French cities.
Britain retaliated by bombing German cities. Back on the ground, the tank proved to be the answer to stalemate in the trenches. This British invention used American-designed caterpillar tracks to move the armored vehicle equipped with machine guns and sometimes light cannon.
Tanks worked effectively on firm, dry ground, in spite of their slow speed, mechanical problems, and vulnerability to artillery. Able to crush barbed wire and cross trenches, tanks moved forward through machine gun fire and often terrified German soldiers with their unstoppable approach.
Chemical warfare first appeared when the Germans used poison gas during a surprise attack in Flanders, Belgium, in At first, gas was just released from large cylinders and carried by the wind into nearby enemy lines.War has a long history that dates back to the dawn of civilization, but armies have come a long way since the spear, or the bow and arrow.
Advances in technology have led to faster airplanes. Technology during World War I (–) reflected a trend toward industrialism and the application of mass-production methods to weapons and to the technology of warfare in general.
This trend began at least fifty years prior to World War I during the American Civil War of – Introduction Two pieces of technology that stand out in the aviation history of World War II are Radar and Bombsights.
Both technologies played a crucial role in the defensive and offensive strategies of all the countries involved. The Technology of World War I explores the dramatic developments in military technology during World War I.
It shows how the Industrial Revolution changed the tools of war, from the production of high-grade iron and steel for warships to the lethal products created by the chemical lausannecongress2018.coms: 2. World War I: World War I, international conflict that in –18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the U.S., the Middle East, and other regions.
It led to the fall of four great imperial dynasties and, in its destabilization of European society, laid the groundwork for World War II. World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July to 11 November Contemporaneously described as the "war to end all wars", more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history.