History of the word and concept "information" The English word apparently derives from the Latin stem information- of the nominative informatio:
The role of Critical Care Nurses working in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in the prevention of pressure sores for critically ill patients Chapter 1: The patients are brought into ICU when suffering from the most serious health problems, in particular the illnesses that are life-threatening and require constant medical monitoring.
Within ICU, patient care is the responsibility of a multidisciplinary team M.
Taiming to provide the patients with possibly best healthcare services so that their situation can be improved. However, due to the factors such as the increased prevalence of chronic diseases, reliance on technology and pharmaceutical agents and higher patient acuity, the environment of ICU may become infectious or hazardous Jastremski While the high quality of care within ICU is crucial, there are numerous problems that may have a negative impact on delivering such quality.
Amongst the most important are system failures, communication breakdowns, faulty processes and poor teamwork. Despite a strong emphasis on providing up to date facilities, the ICU can only be as good as its staff. In particular, the quality of intensive care is defined by its critical care nurses Strand and Lindgren Background information This research work focuses on one aspect of the intensive care unit; pressure ulcer prevention.
Drawing on personal experience, whereby the researcher has observed the problems caused by pressure ulcer development, and its significance within the context of critically ill patients, this paper will explore issues related to the prevention of pressure ulcers in critically ill patients in ICU.
In particular, the paper will examine the role of nurses in such prevention. Pressure ulcers known also as pressure sores or bedsores have become a major global health care concern Shahin et al. Pressure ulcers can occur in various areas of the skin and underlying tissue when these particular areas are placed under too much pressure within a short period of time NHS, The pressure ulcer can cause pain, disfigurement as well as disruption to the daily routine of the patient Manzano et al.
On long-term the pressure ulcers can lead to skin openings; skin infections as well as deaths. Pressure ulcers are the second major iatrogenic cause of the death within the developed regions, following adverse drug reactions. In particular, pressure ulcers affect people over 70 years old, what is a combination of various factors such as ageing of the skin; limited blood supply as well as ongoing medical conditions i.
As pressure ulcers have been recognized as a common illness amongst the citizens in developed countries, its prevention became of key significance for the national governments, various institutions and organizations dealing with health care services as well as medical staff taking care of people with pressure ulcers.
Currently health care professionals introduced a range of various techniques designed to prevent pressure ulcers. For instance, a position of the person with pressure ulcers is regularly changed. Moreover, specially designed cushions and mattresses are used in order to protect the most vulnerable areas of the skin.
Further, the patients at risk group are ensured nutritional supplements as well as topical skin protection. A wide variety of techniques used to prevent pressure ulcers threw light on the role of medical staff, critical care nurses, in the prevention process.
Their knowledge, skills and attitudes seem to be of key importance for the patients at risk of pressure ulcers Gillick ; Nijs et al. A short explanation is also required in reference to choosing the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as a country of in-depth examination the role of critical care nurses in preventing pressure ulcers.
Two reasons need to be highlighted. First of them is the keen interest of the researcher in the health care and medical services in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the improvements of these services over the past decades. Second, the researcher believes that there are very limited publications on the problem of pressure ulcers and their prevention in KSA.
As pressure ulcers have become a common global occurrence, in particular in the Intensive Care Units, it seems to be crucial to identify the best preventing practices. The researcher believes that the following work will be a contribution to the knowledge of the problem of pressure ulcers in KSA.
More importantly, the research work is expected to deliver valuable insight on how the prevention methods, in particular the assistance of critical care nurses to the patients, can be implemented in the Intensive Care Units, not only in KSA but also worldwide.
Research Questions To resolve the issue of ideal management of pressure ulcers by nurses working in critical care facilities, this dissertation addressed the following principle research question: What is the role of critical care nurses in preventing the occurrence of pressure ulcers, and therefore promoting safety and improving the quality of care for critically ill patients?
Research Aims and Objectives The overall aim of the following research work is to examine the importance of critical care nurses in the context of preventing pressure ulcers amongst the patients who suffer from critical disease and are unable to move as well as the impact of the nurses on the quality of health care services delivered critically ill patients based on the evidence from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
In order to achieve the overall aim, the following research work seeks to focus on the following objectives: Rationale of the Dissertation In comparison to the patients in a general ward, patients in the ICU require more personal attention.
Further, the chances of emergency situations arising in the ICU are relatively higher than in the general ward. Owing to this reason, duties and responsibilities undertaken by the nurses in the ICU are more extensive in comparison to those of general ward nurses Unruh and this may impact on their ability to undertake pressure sore prevention measures.
In this regard, the research aims to explore the role of critical care nurses in the prevention of pressure ulcers. In addition to this, existing practices undertaken by critical care nurses for the purpose of taking care of critically ill patients and preventing the occurrence of pressure ulcer problem will be reviewed.
The increasing complexity of care for critically ill patients, as well as the increased severity of the illness, the increasing numbers of patients requiring ICU admission, and the complexities in handling new and innovative care measures cause problems for healthcare professionals seeking to perform their duties and to process clinical information in an effective and safe way Kaitani, et al.
When employing this method, information is retrieved by reviewing journals, books, research papers and other academic resources.
This provides a systematic approach to identify and analyse the most relevant and useful literature in the context of the research questions posed. Literature searches were carried out using a systematic approach and utilising several academic nursing and social science search engines.Gmail is email that's intuitive, efficient, and useful.
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En forbannet elev. 1. desember - Jeg mener ar politikerne bør grippe inn på det utdanningsdirektoratet driver med.
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In the broadest sense, the term "essay" can refer to just about any short piece of nonfiction -- an editorial, feature story, critical study, even an excerpt from a book. However, literary definitions of a genre are usually a bit fussier. Beginning with the residential real estate boom in his home, New York City, artist Daniel Shea turns his critical lens on the seductive forces of capitalism and, by the thinnest of margins, reveals what we might do to resist them. Information security (shortened as InfoSec) is the ongoing process of exercising due diligence to protect information, and information systems, from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, destruction, modification, disruption or distribution, through algorithms and procedures focused on monitoring and detection, as well as incident response and repair.
In the broadest sense, the term "essay" can refer to just about any short piece of nonfiction -- an editorial, feature story, critical study, even an excerpt from a book.
However, literary definitions of a genre are usually a bit fussier. The critical analysis of the role of critical care nurses can be reflected in a quite effective manner with the help of some intensive research and study of different perspectives related to the diversified roles undertaken by critical care nurses.