Since marks of punctuation ordinarily are used in written correspondence and their omission may affect the sense of your communication, care must be exercised in the construction of a message from which they are to be excluded. If you do not intend to stipulate that marks of punctuation be transmitted, write your message without punctuation and read it carefully to make sure that it is not ambiguous. If it seems impossible to convey your meaning clearly without the use of punctuation, use may be made of the celebrated word "stop," which is known the world over as the official telegraphic or cable word for "period. Use of this word in telegraphic communications was greatly increased during the World War, when the Government employed it widely as a precaution against having messages garbled or misunderstood, as a result of the misplacement or emission of the tiny dot or period.
Introduction Colons Semicolons Commas Dashes Apostrophe s Using Colons You might be surprised to learn that the colon is one of the most helpful and easiest to use of all the punctuation marks.
In prose, a colon really does only one thing: It can introduce just about anything: This is how simple the colon is. Joe has only one thing on his mind: Joe has three things on his mind: We have used a colon in these four sentences to introduce various kinds of things: You can use a colon in your prose in any place where you must directly introduce something.
You could very well write: The Jacobsen lawn mower beats its competitors especially in the key area of reliability. A sentence using a colon is much more emphatic: The Jacobsen lawn mower beats its competitors especially in one key area: Notice that the second example places clear emphasis on the point that the writer is trying to communicate to his or her reader: The writer of this sentence has used the colon effectively.
Perhaps the most common way to use a colon is to introduce a list of items, as in this sentence: For example, you can read any of the example sentences above with the word namely in the place of the colon: Joe has only one thing on his mind [namely] profit.
Joe has only one thing on his mind [namely] his stock portfolio. Joe has only one thing on his mind [namely] he wants to get rich.
Joe has three things on his mind [namely] stocks, bonds, and certificates of deposit. This test may not work percent of the time, but it is a fairly reliable indicator of whether you need a colon. One word of caution: For example, you would not write: My three favorite friends are: Evelyn, Marlyne, and Ronni.The Chicago Guide to Grammar, Usage, and Punctuation (Chicago Guides to Writing, Editing, and Publishing) [Bryan A.
Garner] on lausannecongress2018.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Few people can write on the English language with the authority of Bryan A.
Garner. The author of The Chicago Manual of Style ’s popular “Grammar and Usage” chapter. Note: This post has been replaced by the more complete Into lausannecongress2018.com to (Expanded)..
However, the extensive question-and-answer section below this post may answer any questions you have regarding these constructions. The Verb Recognize a verb when you see one. Verbs are a necessary component of all lausannecongress2018.com have two important functions: Some verbs put stalled subjects into motion while other verbs help to clarify the subjects in meaningful ways.
How should the punctuation work for “and, therefore,”? up vote 4 down vote favorite. 4. I would use a semicolon before therefore, and no comma after: [some argument]; therefore [blah blah]. Is the RFID chip in e-passports read-only or is it read-write?
punctuation with ‘therefore’, ‘furthermore’ and ‘however' Reader’s question: I would like to know the appropriate punctuation when using the words however, therefore, furthermore. Answer: My guidelines for words such as however, therefore and furthermore (adverbial conjuncts) are as follows. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.