Generally, Harvard Reference List citations follow this format:
There are two parts to referencing using the Harvard System: Citing within the text of your work — this approach is used when you need to acknowledge sources you have referred to within the body of your work.
Complete bibliographic citation — this approach is used when you need to provide full details for the sources you have used. These should be included as an alphabetical list at the end of your work.
This list of references is known as a bibliography. Citing in the text of your work When you refer to another document you must acknowledge this within the text of your work, by citing the author's surname, the year of publication, and if using a direct quote from the author, the page number of where the quote came from.
Grounded Theory provides a methodology for developing original theory Glaser, OR, with a direct quote: How to cite works with no obvious author If possible, try to avoid citing works where the author is not obvious, as it's difficult to know if the source is credible and suitable to use.
If you do need to cite a work which appears to have no author, you can use the title of the work itself in your citation. The Percy tomb has been described as 'one of the master-pieces of medieval European art' Treasures of Britain,p. Remember that you will need to use the same style in the reference list.
Web resources should be treated slightly differently. If you are citing a web page in the text, you should cite by the author if there is one clearly stated. If there is no author you should cite by the title.
If neither author nor title is available use the URL. Full bibliographic citations reference list Bibliographical references given at the end of your text should be sufficient to fully identify the publications referred to in the text.
The first two parts of the reference, the authors surname and the date, provide the link to the citation you made in the text. Additionally, you will need to provide the date of publication, the name of the piece you are referencing a journal article, for examplethe name of the journal in which the article appeared, and the page numbers the article is comprised of.
For a book, you will need to include the location of publication and publisher, and further details may be needed if there is an editor or translator, for example depending on the source.
A reference list listing all of the sources you have cited appears at the end of your work with the citations listed in alphabetical order of the author's surname.
A review of literature on teaching reflective practice across health and social care professions', Reflective Practice, 13 4pp. Secondary referencing Citing a source that is cited within another source is called secondary referencing.
Harveyquoted in Lewis,p. For more in-depth information about referencing and using good academic practice, see this Skill Unit. To see how our Writing Centre staff can help you improve your citing and referencing, go here.March Liz Murray – SCHS Library 2 Citation Practice City Community and Health Sciences City University London Introduction Students are expected to present research and evidence-based essays and assignments as part of their.
Using English for Academic Purposes: Information and Advice for Students in Higher Education.
What is the Harvard Referencing System? The Harvard style is a system that students, writers and researchers can use to incorporate other people’s quotes, findings and ideas into their work in order to support and validate their conclusions without breaching any intellectual property laws.
This information sheet provides a brief guide to the Harvard referencing style. Within the text of the assignment the author’s name is given first, followed by the publication date. CL ) or CL Hamilton ().
as many schools insist on this practice.g. include the . This guide gives a basic introduction to the Harvard referencing system, and follows the standard prescribed by Snooks and Co. (), which is the official nursing practice require references to indicate the source of your information and/or sources that support your argument.
Guide to Referencing and Citations Oxford University Department of Education Accurate, complete and consistent references are essential in all academic work and are the key to avoiding plagiarism.