Distances for travel and communication are getting smaller because of increased technology. This results in a more globalized world. What is another term for it? More developed countries from less developed countries.
Following the American Revolutionary War, expansion of settlement into areas west of the Appalachians, and the abolition of transatlantic slave trade inthe domestic trade became increasingly important, especially as settlers flowed into the Deep South in the 19th century.
Some people already established as planters took droves of slaves with them when they moved. Others bought slaves from regional markets to develop and staff plantations. It is estimated that between and approximatelyslaves were relocated to the American South economists describe them as being "imported" from the Upper South, but they were being relocated within US territories.
Analysis by Examples of interregional and intraregional migration Fogel and Stanley Engelman suggested that 16 percent of the total migration of slaves was due to sale of slaves through domestic trade.
Their conclusions were strongly criticized by other economists. Contributors to the growth of inter-regional slave trade[ edit ] Historians who argue in favor of soil exhaustion as an explanation for slave importation into the Deep South posit that exporting states emerged as slave producers because of the transformation of agriculture in the Upper South.
By the late 18th century, the coastal and Piedmont tobacco areas were being converted to mixed crops because of soil exhaustion and changing markets.
Because of the deterioration of soil and an increase in demand for food products, states in the upper south shifted crop emphasis from tobacco to grain which required less slave labor. This decreased demand left states in the Upper South with an excess supply of labor.
The extensive development of cotton plantations created the highest demand for labor in the Deep South. The cotton market had previously been dominated by the long-staple cotton cultivated primarily on the Sea Islands and in the coastal Lowcountry.
The consequent boom in the cotton industry, coupled with the labor-intensive nature of the crop, created a need for slave labor in the Deep South that could be satisfied by excess supply further north. The price differences between the Upper and Deep South created demand.
Slave traders took advantage of this arbitrage opportunity by buying at lower prices in the Upper South and then selling slaves at a profit after taking or transporting them further south. The proven reproductive capacity of enslaved women was advertised as selling point and a feature that increased value.
This also contributed to the growth of the internal slave trade. Evans suggests that interstate slave traders earned a wage greater than that of an alternative profession in skilled mechanical trades. However, if slave traders possessed skills similar to those used in supervisory mechanics e.
Economic implications of the inter-regional slave trade on the Old South[ edit ] Irish economic theorist John Elliot Cairnes suggested in his work The Slave Power that the inter-regional slave trade was a major component in ensuring the economic vitality of the Old South.
The general consensus seems to support Professor William L. Miller's claim that the inter-regional slave trade "did not provide the major part of the income of planters in the older states during any period.
The profits realized through the sale and shipment of enslaved people were in turn reinvested in banking, railroads, and even colleges. A striking example of the connection between the domestic slave trade and higher education can be found in the sale of slaves by Georgetown University to Louisiana when the University was facing financial instability.
Slaves were sold south even during the hostilities, as plantations, businesses and households continued to operate.
Robert William Fogel and Stanley L. Engerman estimated that the slave trade accounted for 16 percent of the relocation of enslaved African Americans, in their work Time on the Cross. Pritchett, has this figure at about 50 percent, or aboutslaves total between But Jonathan Pritchett points to evidence that there were a significant number of firms engaged in the market, a relatively dense concentration of these firms, and low barriers to entry.
He says that traders who were exporting slaves from the Upper South were price-taking, profit-maximizers acting in a market that achieved a long-run competitive equilibrium. In comparison to working in relatively small groups and perhaps alongside some farming families in the Upper South, they were forced to do field work in large gangs under close white supervision, and had less control over their time.
The dense trees and underbrush of many riverfront areas in Louisiana and Mississippi were being cleared for the first time to develop plantations, adding to their struggles. Slaves most feared being sold to planters in Louisiana. The state's grueling climate, with high heat and humidity, as well as the pressures of cultivating and processing the labor-intensive crops of sugar cane and cotton, resulted in harsh conditions for labor.
With demand high for both commodity crops, planters and overseers were known to be physically abusive to slaves.
The slaves feared being sent to Louisiana as a "Death sentence".Unit 2 – Population and Migration. Types of Internal Migration (Interregional and Intraregional) Voluntary vs. Forced Migration; Migration Transition; Different Examples of Migration Patterns Between Regions Within a Country (Both historical examples from the United States, and examples from other countries).
Interregional definition: of, relating to, or conducted between two or more regions | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples.
Like interregional migrants, intraregional migrants move to find better jobs and other economic opportunities. Urban to Suburban Areas: In more developed countries, intraregional migration is from the big cities to suburbs. This study examines regional economic conditions and their effects on interregional population redistribution patterns in Russia.
After reviewing striking changes in population flows before and after the collapse of the former Soviet Union, an application of the gravity model on population migration.
Central American emigration over the past three decades has changed steadily, from the mainly intraregional emigration of the s to the extraregional migration of the s and s, but always with the United States as the principal destination.
TWO MODELS OF CANADIAN INTERREGIONAL MIGRATION Morton E. ü'Kellyl McMaster University.
Introduction. The specifie aim of this research is to answer the following questions concerning migration in Canada: (a) What is the long run distribu (as in, for example, Salkin, et al., ).