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The ancestors of the Yupik people are believed to have reached the ice caps of Alaska and Russia during the third and final migration from Asia which occurred ten to eleven thousand years ago at the latter part of the Ice Age.
Edward Vajda cites that archeological and linguistic evidences show that the direct ancestors of the Yupik people over the Bering Strait through the presence of the Bering land that time. Their ancestors are said to have lived in the areas of Siberian Bering and Arctic Sea coasts before the arrival of Chukchi and Korak tribes from the South.
From their base in the current location in West Alaska, they separated into two 2 distinct groups: However, this event created setbacks to the Yupik because their communities suffered deadly epidemic diseases like smallpox, influenza, and tuberculosis.
Ways of Living The homes of Yupik are designed to be flat, with treeless tundra landscapes with multiple numbers of lakes. In the previous times, they were found residing in houses made of wood and whalebones as the fundamental structures. The walrus skins are covered into the sides and the insides were lightened by bowl shaped clay lamps, or those made of carved stones.
At summer time, their homes are made of wood covered with walrus skins forming the shape of a rectangle. Today, the Yupik now live in modern houses powered by electricity and petroleum oil instead of seal oil which was used by them previously.
They also have glass walls around their houses. For their livelihood, the Yupik people rely on the oceans and rivers since there are located along the shores. They still continue to hunt and get their own food even if there are suppliers of food on stores coming from ships and planes of other countries.
Hunting fish is the major source of food for the Yupik especially for those living on the islands. During summer, salmons caught from rivers are dried for the winter season. Walrus meat were dried and stored in a semi-cold temperature so that they can be fermented and boiled up as food. Vajda Other varieties of available fish include: For additional dietary supplements, they also hunt down seals and walruses which are very common along the Bering Sea and they also consume shellfishes, terrestrial mammals moose and cariboubirds, bird eggs, and plants.
They use a whalebone clapper which produces the killer whale sound that drives the walruses and seals towards the shore where the hunters with spears are awaiting for them. Whale hunting was also a routine but only rarely because one whale can feed the whole village of Yupik. The Yupik people use dogs as their pack animals.
Vajda They store their food in underground caches located in their houses. For their transportation, the Yupik people use land vehicles and snow mobiles.
Before, snails and oars were used in propelling the boats but as the world modernizes, so are their boats which use outdoor motors. Culture and People Characteristics Yupik are said to be well adaptive to new surroundings and strong individuals.
On the other hand, upon going with the flow to new ways of living, the Yupik customs and culture remained strong and intact. Their customs are mainly focused on the rituals of hunting and sharing.
Their relationship with other groups such as the Chukotka brought back the practices of trade and intermarriage. The Yupik are composed of male exogamic clans or lineages.
Each clan or lineage has a unique myth or origin of existence and every clan member who dies is buried in a single location exclusively for the clan.
The returns from hunts and foragings are equally shared among the clan members. According to studies, the clans in the pasts owned large dwelling houses which can house around to members of their respective clans. Vajda Language, Writing and Education. The language being used by the Yupik people belong to the Yupik branch of the Eskimo family.
The language was named after a missionary named John Hinz and was also used in publishing translations of the Bible and other religious scriptures. In Siberia, the use of Cyrillic language shown in Figure 2 was developed by scholars although some who know the way of writing Yupik tend to write in Russian instead.The Yupik (/ ˈ j uː p ɪ k /) are a group of indigenous or aboriginal peoples of western, southwestern, and southcentral Alaska and the Russian Far lausannecongress2018.com are Eskimo and are related to the Inuit and Iñupiat lausannecongress2018.com peoples include the following: Alutiiq, or Sugpiaq, of the Alaska Peninsula and coastal and island areas of southcentral Alaska.
Eskimo essay life see them we yupik. 11 Nov. Views. 0. 0. 0 0. Essay on tulsi plant in sanskrit essay entertainment label codes cpt code descriptive essay evms art therapy admissions essay mary shelley frankenstein essays articles reviews assisted suicide and euthanasia essay politics and the media essays research paper on bullying.
In Alaska there are three Eskimo groups they are yipik inupiat, and siberian yupik. A lot of the Eskimo families live in the flat tundra coast.
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Eskimo Essays by Ann Fienup-Riordan, , available at Book Depository with Eskimo Essays: Yup Ik Lives and How We See Them. (15 ratings by By describing the reality of Yup'ik life, Eskimo Essays extends our understanding of Esimos in general and Yup'ik Eskimos in lausannecongress2018.com Fienup-Riordan argues that Western.
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Eskimo essay life see them we yupik. 5 stars based on 93 reviews lausannecongress2018.com Essay.
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