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History Background The ideology of Nazism brought together elements of antisemitismracial hygieneand eugenicsand combined them with pan-Germanism and territorial expansionism with the goal of obtaining more Lebensraum living space for the Germanic people. Similar legislation soon deprived Jewish members of other professions of the right to practise.
German Jews were subjected to violent attacks and boycotts.
These laws prohibited marriages between Jews and people of Germanic extraction, extramarital relations between Jews and Germans, and the employment of German women under the age of 45 as domestic servants in Jewish households. Thus Jews and other minority groups were stripped of their German citizenship.
This supplementary decree defined Gypsies as "enemies of the race-based state", the same category as Jews. German dictator Adolf Hitler ordered that the Polish leadership and intelligentsia be destroyed. In addition to leaders of Polish society, the Nazis killed Jews, prostitutes, Romani, and the mentally ill.
Initially the intention was to deport the Jews to points further east, or possibly to Madagascar. Bach-Zelewski had been searching for a site to house prisoners in the Silesia region, as the local prisons were filled to capacity.
Auschwitz I, the original camp, became the administrative center for the whole complex. Some of the plans went forward, including the construction of several hundred apartments, but many were never fully implemented.
They were interned in the former building of the Polish Tobacco Monopoly, adjacent to the site, until the camp was ready. By March10, were imprisoned there, most of them Poles. South is at the top in this photo. Eyeglasses of victims The victories of Operation Barbarossa in the summer and fall of against Hitler's new enemy, the Soviet Union, led to dramatic changes in Nazi anti-Jewish ideology and the profile of prisoners brought to Auschwitz.
Plans called for the expansion of the camp first to houseand eventually as many asinmates. Unlike his predecessor, he was a competent and dynamic bureaucrat who, in spite of the ongoing war, carried out the construction deemed necessary.
The Birkenau camp, the four crematoriaa new reception building, and hundreds of other buildings were planned and constructed. Bischoff's plans called for each barrack to have an occupancy of prisoners one-third of the space allotted in other Nazi concentration camps.
He later changed this to prisoners per barrack. The SS designed the barracks not so much to house people as to destroy them. It was operational by March He was given a demonstration of a mass killing using the gas chamber in Bunker 2 and toured the building site of the new IG Farben plant being constructed at the nearby town of Monowitz.
Crematorium II, which had been designed as a mortuary with morgues in the basement and ground-level incinerators, was converted into a killing factory by installing gas-tight doors, vents for the Zyklon B a highly lethal cyanide -based poison to be dropped into the chamber, and ventilation equipment to remove the gas thereafter.
Crematorium III was built using the same design. Crematoria IV and V, designed from the start as gassing centers, were also constructed that spring.
By Juneall four crematoria were operational. Most of the victims were killed using these four structures. Theresienstadt family camp and Gypsy camp Auschwitz A separate camp for Roma known as the Zigeunerfamilienlager Gypsy Family Camp was set up at Auschwitz II-Birkenau; unlike other arrivals, the Romani prisoners were not subject to selection and families were allowed to remain together.
Approximately 23, Gypsies had been brought to Auschwitz by20, of whom died there. On 2 Augustthe SS cleared the Gypsy camp; the surviving population estimated at 2, to 5, was then killed en masse in the gas chambers. The SS deported 17, Jews from Theresienstadt concentration camp to Auschwitz, but allowed them to remain alive temporarily and send letters to friends and relatives to cast doubt on reports of the Final Solutionboth at Theresienstadt and in the wider world.
On 8 Marchthe remaining Jews from the first two transports in September were murdered; this was the largest massacre of Czechoslovak citizens in history.
News of the liquidation reached the Czechoslovak government-in-exile which initiated diplomatic manoeuvers to save the remaining Jews. However, after the Red Cross visited Theresienstadt in June and concluded that no Jews were deported from Theresienstadt, about 3, Jews were removed from the family camp to other sections of Auschwitz.
The remaining 6, were murdered in the gas chambers between 10 and 12 July In addition to its proximity to the concentration camp, which could be used as a source of cheap labor, the site had good railway connections and access to raw materials.
All Poles able to work were to remain in the town and were forced to work building the factory. Development of the camp at Birkenau began about six months later.
This number increased to 7, in and 11, in Kaechon internment camp Prisoners have to work in one of the coal mines, and in one of the factories that produce textiles, paper, food, rubber, shoes, ceramics and cement or in agriculture.
In his official biography Escape from Camp 14 by Blaine Harden. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Start studying Escape from camp Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Summer Camp - Original Writing - Summer Camp - Original Writing It couldn't be happening again, the second attack in a month, each one with more aggression than the last.
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The internment of Japanese Americans in the United States during World War II was the forced relocation and incarceration in concentration camps in the western interior of the country of between , and , people of Japanese ancestry, most of whom lived on the Pacific lausannecongress2018.com-two percent of the internees were United States citizens.
These actions were ordered by President .