See Article History Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek languagewith a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. Later, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greek became the common language of the eastern Mediterranean lands and then of the Byzantine Empire. Literature in Greek was produced not only over a much wider area but also by those whose mother tongue was not Greek. Even before the Turkish conquest the area had begun to shrink again, and now it is chiefly confined to Greece and Cyprus.
Classical literature Ancient times The origins of Korean literature can be traced back to an Old Stone Age art form that combined dance, music, and literature. Originating in festival activities, this art form served the political function of unifying society, the religious function of identifying and describing a supernatural power capable of averting calamity on earth, and the economic function of inspiring productive activity, especially that related to agriculture.
The farming and work songs and the early forms of myth and narrative poetry that had their basis in the abundant harvests of the New Stone Age were probably transmitted orally; it is difficult to find examples that have survived intact.
During the Bronze Age the foundation myths and early epics of the Korean people first coalesced. All these legends praise the achievements of their protagonists, who are exalted as nation-founding heroes who have overcome hardship, and glorify their heavenly powers as earthly rulers.
For the most part, these legends were passed down in the form of festival ceremonial observances focused on the worship of heaven. Also important in early Korean literature were songs, the earliest of which reflected a historical period in which much was changing.
The Three Kingdoms period and unification: This state-sanctioned use of Chinese, along with the adoption of Confucianism and Buddhismmeant a significant transition in the history of Korean literature.
They represented an attempt to consolidate the political structures of these kingdoms. Together they helped to usher Korean literature, which had previously relied on oral transmission, into an age of both oral and written literature.
Confucianism and Buddhism contributed to the thematic depth of Korean literature. After the unification of the Three Kingdoms in under the Unified Silla dynastyKorean literature in Chinese underwent a fundamental development in which a group of literati played several roles.
Asserting the significance of Confucianism and literature, they instituted a social class of literati leaders. He was renowned for his poetry and his prose. In their depiction of human protagonists, these tales differ from older legends, which instead recount the heroic struggles and accomplishments of mythical figures.
But these legends, like those of the Three Kingdoms period, differ from ancient ones in their incorporation of human protagonists. Kim Pu-Shik strove to write in the classical mode and took as his model the Confucian canon.
In the area of legend, several notable works were produced. This group was integral to the emergence and proliferation of literary criticism during this period. These songs were sung at court. The sijo, consisting of three lines, followed a lyrical path and spoke of human nature and natural beauty.
This was the epochal development in the history of Korean literature. At first these works performed the functions of the akchang, but gradually they were transformed into poems that described affairs of personal interest.evil in selected children’s literature published between and ; compare the nature of evil as portrayed in fantasy with the portrayal of evil found in realistic fiction; and to survey children’s literature experts, such as children’s fantasy authors, on their.
Literature and Terrorism In an age of terror, how does literature help us transcend our reality, lend perspective to our confusion by pulling us into the past and other cultures, and give expression to our anguish and fear through catharsis?
In nineteenth-century English literature, the most common portrayal of a Jew was a negative racial stereotype. In society, and thus in literature, Jews were often seen in terms of their "otherness.
The Discarded Image paints a lucid picture of the medieval world view, providing the historical and cultural background to the literature of the middle ages and renaissance. Korean literature: Korean literature, the body of works written by Koreans, at first in Classical Chinese, later in various transcription systems using Chinese characters, and finally in Hangul (Korean: han’gŭl; Hankul in the Yale romanization), the national alphabet.
Although Korea has had its own language for. Men and Women Writing Women: The Female Perspective and portrayed in literature by women authors, but male authors have also taken on the female Men and Women Writing Women: The Female Perspective and Feminism in U.S. Novels and African Novels in .